Tek Bahadur Karki
We are in federal state now. Federalism means to decentralize the power from center to local. This system came into Nepal against the unitary state system in which decisions taken regarding development or power delegations were monolithic person-centric or let’s say were not inclusive.
Delegation of power is meant to facilitate people for owning the development with optimum participation. As Goran Hayden puts ideas clearly about good governance is that it is a theory of development and democratization in the third world. In contrast, the unheard voices had to be heard by elected representatives but the bullying of them surfaces noticeably all around.
Empowering the mass extensive democracy depends on how and at what extent deliveries are done for people. Delivering services matters a lot for accomplishing the beauty and strength of governance. When it happens it is sure that mass extensive democracy becomes able to minimize the discontent and conflict.
On the other hand, delivery does not mean to be limited to the physical services but it should also extend to redress people by justice, psychological settlement, security and other various human feelings.
There are some facts which weaken the governance; and the crucial one the corrupt government bodies that not only lessen the belief of people upon it but the entire value-loaded democratic norms will get eroded irepairablly. When corruption is endemic, representatives start looking for new programs for individual benefits that in turn only defames the governance in long run.
Moreover, the bureaucracy has also not less significant role to leave the momentum of mass democracy at stake by being short of accountability at times. Of course, corruption in the sense of bribe, pay off and kickbacks is failure of governance by and large. As a result, the deliveries are the backbone of governance fail to reach to the targeted community with result.
Talking about the deliveries of governance in Nepal are massively affected by various factors. Factors surface either by straight intervene of interest groups or disinterest or inefficiency and negligence of the bureaucrats to carry out plans on time, coordinate with the representatives with due interest.
Besides that some of the serious mistakes are made even by representatives as they switch plans off for their own benefits or they pass the plans for their relatives or cadres expecting the commission in turn.These facts are open-secret.
Epicenter of decision making and selecting program models have just ended in Nepal. Changes have come in every sphere of developmental works. But, in contrast, there are some of the pitfalls these never let governance be accomplished until these are not overcome with the help of effective execution of law.
Moreover, the hindrances which lie even in between plans and executions should be minimized by representatives and bureaucrats.
Yet the budgetary issues come at front. Budget fridging issues are the most reported in media and people’s’ level. The allocated budget cannot reach to the local level in time. The coordinator i.e. in this context, the central government has to equally monitor about what is going on in local level. The allocated budget to the targeted programs should be profitably used for long term development.
It is clearly seen that there are plenty of loopholes within this system. Development works that have been done are not with the long lasting accomplishments. It can be felt that the Kathmandu valley is suffering from irreparable execution of plans and policies.
The budget spent on building roads is not spared from wasting within few months. The frequent digging roads for planting the drinking water pipes, planting fiber optics or putting sewerage absolutely pushes the money collected by the tax into vain. What comes along with the wastage of budget the health hazards for people.
The dust comes from the unmanaged roads directly invites many diseases and that again makes people allocate money for health topic. Besides, having unhealthy people is mean that the country is also sick.
Along with these hazards, there comes another issue which plays a vital role to distort the image of Kathmandu in tourists eyes. It is reported by a Kathmandu-based tourist agent that tourists who visit Kathmandu they often tick on the road condition put on the feedback form by the tourist company that roads are ‘dusty and bumpy’.
Additionally, the dusty and bumpy roads of Kathmandu obviously are not only distorting the image but also reducing the potential number of tourists.
While operating governance with functionalist approach it is necessary to make bureaucracy more accountable to people with appropriate restriction and timely inspection.
Assuring autonomy is not only the way out to empower the local authority rather it should be guided with specific privileges for optimum achievements.
There have been some proximities that are interlinked with each other for empowering the mass democracy. The newly acclaimed mass democracy relies on how governance is operated in the country. If governance left neglected or made ineffective even by the power delegation and its comprehensive execution on peoples’s level it is sure that it breeds discontents of people which would be difficult to address in the future.
After all, poor performance of weak governance largely puts democracy at stake. Therefore, it is to be understood that the good governance is the bedrock of sustainable democracy. Addressing prevalent issues of people with serious execution of plans and needs, in fact, justifies the need of mass democracy.
(The idea expressed in this article is the writer's individual stand)
The writer is a college lecturer