Buddha Singh Kepchhaki
A Kenyan born British Writer, Warsan Shire in her poem writes “No one leaves home unless home is the mouth of a shark". This line in fact reveals unavoidable compulsion of migrants becoming homeless in foreign land.
In fact, it represents the pain and pathos of millions of migrants across the globe living in harrowing situation coupled with the feeling of self-humiliation, servitude and subjugation. With an increasing grievances of migrant community in the world in past few decades, need of addressing these issues was widely felt at global level.
Initiation:In due course, as a humanitarian response, UN General Assembly hosted a high-level summit on 19th Sept, 2016 where the Heads of State and Government came together for the first time to discussthe issues related to migration and refugees.This was the point of departure where 193 UN Member States recognized the need for a comprehensive approach to human mobility and enhanced cooperation at the global level. The sole spirit of the assembly was find better and safer solution to manage migration in all aspects.
Consultation:In line with this, under the initiation of the United Nations, series of consultations were organized with effective participation of potential stakeholders (mainly government, civil society, private sector etc.) through an open, transparent and inclusive process that eventually finalized a document called Global Compact for Migration (GCM).
Indeed, it is a non-legally binding agreement grounded with cooperative approach to optimize the benefits of migration, while addressing its risks and challenges for individuals and communities in countries of origin, transit and destination. The document is expected to be adopted by upcoming intergovernmental conference scheduled to be held in Morocco in December, 2018.
It is framed in consistent with target 10.7 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in which Member States have committed to cooperate internationally to facilitate safe, orderly and regular migration by protecting safety, dignity and human rights of all migrants, regardless of their migratory status.
Promises: The Global Compact for Migration is basically focused on better managing migration at local, national, regional and global level. It is framed in consistent with target 10.7 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in which Member States have committed to cooperate internationally to facilitate safe, orderly and regular migration by protecting safety, dignity and human rights of all migrants, regardless of their migratory status. It also emphasizes on collective efforts of countries for rescuing, receiving and hosting refugees and migrants in their complicated situations.
Paradoxes: Although Global Compact for Migration is a common will of almost all UN member states, the developed countries tend to focus more on immigration and refugee issues and they see migrant population as a threat to their national security and economic order.
Quite contrarily, developing countries and countries of origin take migration as natural phenomena contributing to the economy and development of receiving countries; and these countries want their citizens to be treated based on the principal of human rights and justice whether they travel as migrant workers or refugees. Because of this conflicting interest and disparityat understanding the issues, there exists large doubt regarding adoption of GCM by all UN member states in December conference.
Need for Global Responses: So as to hold all UN member states accountable for the adoption of GCM, the potential stakeholders and partners especially civil society, migrant and diaspora organizations, private sector, trade unions, parliamentarians, National Human Rights Institutions, academia, and medianeed to put collective efforts at global, regional, national and subnational levels, including United Nations system playing their interventional role with all technical and political preparation for convincing members states to adopt the compact, the harbinger of hope for all migrants and refugees.
Mr. Kepchhaki works in migration and development sector and can be reached at [email protected]